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Typical Americans
典型的美國人

摘自《英語沙龍》

    You certainly have heard stories, good or bad, about American people. You also probably have preconceived ideas from having met Americans before or from films and televison programs that color your impression of what Americans are and what they do. However, American society is enormously diverse and complex and cannot be reduced only to a few stories or stereotypes. Important differences exist between geographical regions, between rural and urban areas, and between social classes. In addition, the presence of millions of immigrants who came to the United States from all corners of the world with their own culture and urban areas, and between social classes.In addition, the presence of millions of immigrants who came to the United States from all corners of the world with their own culture and values adds even more variety and flavor to American life.

    你一定聽說過有關美國人或好或壞的故事。你可能由于以前遇到過的美國人,或者從影視節目中對美國人有了先入之見,使你對美國人是什么樣子以及他們的所作所為的印象帶上了有色眼鏡。然而,美國社會具有龐大的多樣性和復雜性,不能精簡為有限的幾個故事或類型。在地域之間、城鄉之間、社會階層之間存在著重要的差異。另外,數以百萬計的移民從世界各地來到美國,帶來了他們自己的文化和價值,為美國式的生活增添了更多的色彩與特點。

    The characteristics described below represent that image of U.S. society that is thought of as being “typically American”.
    下列所描述的特點代表了美國社會的化身,被視作“典型的美式”特征。

Individuality
    Probably above everything else, Americans consider themselves individuals. There are strong family ties and strong loyalties to groups, but individuality and individual rights are most important. If this seems like a selfish attitude, it also leads Americans to an honest respect for other individuals and an insistence on human equality.
    Related to this respect for individuality are American traits of independence and self-reliance. From an early age, children are taught to “stand on their own two feet”, an idiom meaning to be independent. You may be surprised to learn that most U.S. students choose their own classes, select their own majors, follow their own careers, arrange their own marriages, and so on, instead of adhering to the wishes of their parents.
    Honesty and frankness are two more aspects of Americans individuality, personal honor or “saving face.” Americans may seem blunt at times, and in polite conversations they may bring up topics and issues that you find embarrassing, controversial,or even offensive. Americans are quick to get to the point and do not spend much time on social niceties. This directness encourages Americans to talk over disagreements and to try to patch up misunderstandings themselves, rather than ask a third party to mediate disputes.
 

 
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