<acronym id="m2eye"></acronym>
<acronym id="m2eye"><small id="m2eye"></small></acronym>
用戶名:
密碼:
 
 
Christmas and Xmas
By Anthony Paul & Harry Shaw
 
In both GB and the USA Christmas is a public holiday (December 25), and is celebrated with religious services and various forms of merry-making. Traditional foods are eaten, especially rich Christmas cakes and Christmas puddings, which date from the Middle Ages, and roast turkey. Homes and churches are decorated with holly and mistletoe; this is a survival of pagan customs. Christmas trees were introduced to GB and the USA from Germany. Santa Claus (sometimes called Father Christmas) is a corrupt form of St Nicholas, patron saint of children, whose feast day is in fact 6 December. The first Christmas card was designed in England in 1843, and the habit of sending them became popular in about 1870; the custom then spread to the USA and other countries.
 
Xmas is an informal abbreviation of Christmas. In this word, X represents the figure of Jesus Christ and also the cross upon which he was crucified; X also suggests the Greek letter X, transliterated as Kh (the Greek chi, the letter with which Christos, the Greek word for Christ, begins). Xmas has been used for centuries in writing and is pronounced “exmas” in speech, but the term is considered inappropriate in formal writing, if not disrespectful and sacrilegious.
 
 
“圣誕節”與“耶誕節”
吳黎明 譯注
 
圣誕節在英美兩國屬公眾節日(12月25日)。人們用一些宗教儀式和各式各樣的歡慶形式來慶祝這個節日。人們還要吃些傳統的食物,尤其是那些油膩而味濃的圣誕蛋糕、圣誕布。ㄟ@兩樣始于中世紀)以及烤火雞。住宅以及教堂要用冬青和槲寄生樹枝來點綴;這是異教徒的習俗。圣誕樹是從德國傳入英國和美國的。圣誕老人(有時稱作圣誕爺爺)是圣尼古拉的化身,圣尼古拉是兒童的守護神,他的紀念日實際上是12月6日。第一張圣誕卡是1843年在英國設計出來的,送圣誕卡的習俗大概在1870年開始盛行;后來,這種風俗就傳到了美國和其它一些國家。
Xmas是Christmas的一種不正規的簡寫形式。在這個詞里,X象征著耶穌基督的形體,也象征著他被釘死的那個十字架;X還使人聯想到希臘字母X,音譯為Kh(希臘文“基督”這個詞的第一個字母)。Xmas這種寫法已沿用了幾百年,讀時的發音為[`eksməs];但用于正式文體仍被視為不恰當的,即便算不上不敬和褻瀆。
 
 
摘自《英語世界》總139(12/99)期
 
 
首頁 | 公司簡介 | 業務服務 | 盛文雅聚 | 行業新聞 | 聯系我們
公司地址: 廣東省中山市東區中山三路63號/康樂大街如家酒店正門旁 前臺: 0760-88309282 業務: 13322900472
郵箱:sw88309282@163.com 微信號: 13322900472(盛文翻譯)
中山市盛文翻譯服務有限公司 版權所有 @2008 粵ICP備05073834號
久久亚洲精品无码播放